Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 ("Section 504") is a federal law which prohibits discrimination based on disability. Section 504 applies to any program or activity that receives federal funding, including public schools and universities, and some private schools. Public entities and public schools are prohibited from discriminating against individuals with disabilities, including students, in programs services, programs, and activities.
Students with disabilities that impact one or more major life activities may be eligible under Section 504 to receive accommodations and related services that enable them to receive a free and appropriate education ("FAPE"). To be eligible under Section 504, a student must be determined, through an evaluation, to have a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities. The criteria for determining eligibility under Section 504 is more inclusive than the categories of eligibility under the IDEA. Under the Section 504, a student may be eligible for services regardless of whether the condition affects learning, as long as the condition substantially limits another major life activity.